Iconography
RELIGIOUS ICONOGRAPHY
Old Testament
2 Kings (A.V. II Samuel) The Three Valiant Men (2 Kings 23) Banaias, one of the Three Valiant Men, had once killed a lion in a pit (2 Kings 23:20)
Images of Christ
Risen Christ Triumphant over devil alone
Typology and Prophecy
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisManuscriptsParis, Bibliothèque Nationale, Latin 9584, and Cambridge, Fitzwilliam Museum, MS 43-1950 (Tuscany or North-Eastern Italy, c1370-1390) → Chapters 24b-32b (Cambridge, fols. 9-16)
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 29: Christ vanquishing the devil in Limbo through His Passion29b: Banaias kills the lion in a cave → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 29: Christ vanquishing the devil in Limbo through His Passion29b: Banaias kills the lion in a cave → Variant: Banaias stabs the lion, which is not lying on its back, with a lance
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 29: Christ vanquishing the devil in Limbo through His Passion29a: Christ vanquishes the devil in limbo → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 29: Christ vanquishing the devil in Limbo through His Passion29a: Christ vanquishes the devil in limbo → Original composition: Christ tramples the devil and attacks him with the Cross and a cross-staff carrying a flag
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament Judges Jud. 14:5-6: Samson kills the lionType for the Harrowing of Hell (BP, SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis (Type for Christ defeating the devil in limbo)
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament Judges Jud. 3:17-22: Ehud (Aod) kills EglonType for the Harrowing of Hell (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis (Type for Christ vanquishing the devil in limbo)
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament 2 Kings 2 Kings 23:20: Banaias kills a lion in a pitType for the Harrowing of Hell (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis (Type for Christ vanquishing the devil in limbo)
Antitypes for episodes from the Resurrection of Christ to the Coronation of the Virgin Harrowing of Hell with Jud. 14:5-6: Samson kills the lion (BP, SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis (Type for Christ vanquishing the devil in limbo)
Antitypes for episodes from the Resurrection of Christ to the Coronation of the Virgin Harrowing of Hell with Jud. 3:17-22: Ehud (Aod) kills Eglon (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis (Type for Christ vanquishing the devil in limbo)
Antitypes for episodes from the Resurrection of Christ to the Coronation of the Virgin Harrowing of Hell with 2 Kings 23:20: Banaias kills a lion in a pit (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis (Type for Christ vanquishing the devil in limbo)
Further details
ARTIST/CREATOR
Tuscan or Italian (North-Eastern)
DATE
circa 1370 - circa 1390
LOCATION
Cambridge, Fitzwilliam Museum → 43-1950, fol. 13v
TEXT/BOOK/DOCUMENT (SOURCE OF PHOTO)
Speculum humanae salvationis
Notes on photograph
BIBLIOGRAPHIC CITATION
Montague Rhodes James and Bernhard Berenson, Speculum Humanae Salvationis. Being a reproduction of an Italian manuscript of the fourteenth century, Oxford 1926
Find out more
RELATIONS
Fitzwilliam Museum
Contact
For comments or queries, please contact photographic.collect@sas.ac.uk