Iconography
RELIGIOUS ICONOGRAPHY
Old Testament
Genesis Abraham and Isaac Lot and the destruction of SodomLot's and his family escape from Sodom (Gen. 19:23, 26)With Lot's wife turned into a pillar of salt
Genesis Abraham and Isaac Youth of AbrahamAbraham thrown into a fire in Ur and liberated by God (Comestor)Abraham pulled out of the fire by God
Typology and Prophecy
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisManuscriptsParis, Bibliothèque Nationale, Latin 9584, and Cambridge, Fitzwilliam Museum, MS 43-1950 (Tuscany or North-Eastern Italy, c1370-1390) → Chapters 24b-32b (Cambridge, fols. 9-16)
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 31: Christ delivering the Fathers from Limbo31d: Lot escaping from Sodom → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 31: Christ delivering the Fathers from Limbo31d: Lot escaping from Sodom → Variant: At the left an angel standing outside Sodom, in the centre the pillar of salt, next to it Lot and his children
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 31: Christ delivering the Fathers from Limbo31c: Abraham delivered from the fire → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 31: Christ delivering the Fathers from Limbo31c: Abraham delivered from the fire → Variant: God pulls Abraham from the fire (not symmetrical)
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament Genesis Gen. 19:23-26: Lot escapes from Sodom, his wife is turned into a pillar of saltType for the Delivery of the Fathers from Limbo (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Non-biblical narratives treated as Types Abraham is thrown into the fire in Ur and rescued by GodType for the Liberation of the Fathers from Limbo (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Antitypes for episodes from the Resurrection of Christ to the Coronation of the Virgin Harrowing of Hell with Gen. 19:23-26: Lot escapes from Sodom, his wife is turned into a pillar of salt (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis (Type for Christ delivering the souls from limbo)
Antitypes for episodes from the Resurrection of Christ to the Coronation of the Virgin Harrowing of Hell with Abraham delivered by God from the fire in Ur (Comestor, SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis (Type for Christ delivering the souls from limbo)
Further details
ARTIST/CREATOR
Tuscan or Italian (North-Eastern)
DATE
circa 1370 - circa 1390
LOCATION
Cambridge, Fitzwilliam Museum → 43-1950, fol. 16r
TEXT/BOOK/DOCUMENT (SOURCE OF PHOTO)
Speculum humanae salvationis
Notes on photograph
BIBLIOGRAPHIC CITATION
Montague Rhodes James and Bernhard Berenson, Speculum Humanae Salvationis. Being a reproduction of an Italian manuscript of the fourteenth century, Oxford 1926
Find out more
RELATIONS
Fitzwilliam Museum
Contact
For comments or queries, please contact photographic.collect@sas.ac.uk