Iconography
RELIGIOUS ICONOGRAPHY
Old Testament
Tobias (A.V. Tobit) Departure of the young Tobias with Raphael (Tob. 3:24 - 5:28) Raphael and the young Tobias walk away, leaving old Tobias and Sara behind in mourning (Tob. 5:22-28)
Virgin Mary
Life of the Virgin Virgin longing to see Christ again after the Ascension Virgin standing, surrounded by objects alluding to Christ's life (normally arranged in a frame)
Typology and Prophecy
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisManuscriptsParis, Bibliothèque Nationale, Latin 9584, and Cambridge, Fitzwilliam Museum, MS 43-1950 (Tuscany or North-Eastern Italy, c1370-1390) → Chapters 32c-37b (Paris, fols. 7, 8, 11, 9, 10)
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 35: Mary remains on earth, yearning to meet Christ again35b: Sara mourns about Tobias's departure with Raphael → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 35: Mary remains on earth, yearning to meet Christ again35b: Sara mourns about Tobias's departure with Raphael → Original composition: The old Tobias and Sara mourning whilst the young Tobias and Raphael walk away in the background
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 35: Mary remains on earth, yearning to meet Christ again35a: Mary remains on earth, yearning to meet Christ again → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 35: Mary remains on earth, yearning to meet Christ again35a: Mary remains on earth, yearning to meet Christ again → Variant: Mary with objects alluding to Christ's life, but not in a frame surrounding her
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament Tobias Tobias 5:23-25: Sara mourns about Tobias's departure with RaphaelType for Mary remaining on earth, yearning to meet Christ again (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament 1 Kings 1 Kings 25:44: Saul marries David's wife Michol to PhaltiType for Mary remaining on earth, yearning to meet Christ again (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Passages from the New Testament treated as Types and Prophecies Luke Luke 15:8-10: Parable of the Lost GroatType for Mary remaining on earth, yearning to meet Christ again (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Antitypes for episodes from the Resurrection of Christ to the Coronation of the Virgin The Virgin Mary revisits the sites of the Passion, yearning to be with Christ again with 1 Kings 25:44: Saul marries David's wife Michol to Phalti (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Antitypes for episodes from the Resurrection of Christ to the Coronation of the Virgin The Virgin Mary revisits the sites of the Passion, yearning to be with Christ again with Luke 15:8-10: Parable of the Lost Groat (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Antitypes for episodes from the Resurrection of Christ to the Coronation of the Virgin The Virgin Mary revisits the sites of the Passion, yearning to be with Christ again with Tobias 5:23-25: Sara mourns about Tobias's departure with Raphael (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Further details
This is a fragment - more than half of the illuminated pages are missing (the cut-out miniatures of most of them are now in Cambridge), the remainder is misbound in many places.
ARTIST/CREATOR
Tuscan or Italian (North-Eastern)
DATE
circa 1370 - circa 1390
LOCATION
Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France → lat. 9584, fol. 11v
TEXT/BOOK/DOCUMENT (SOURCE OF PHOTO)
Speculum humanae salvationis
Notes on photograph
BIBLIOGRAPHIC CITATION
Montague Rhodes James and Bernhard Berenson, Speculum Humanae Salvationis. Being a reproduction of an Italian manuscript of the fourteenth century, Oxford 1926
Contact
For comments or queries, please contact photographic.collect@sas.ac.uk