Iconography
HISTORY
Ancient
CodrusSelf-sacrifice of King Codrus of Athens Codrus killed, with no other episode
RELIGIOUS ICONOGRAPHY
Old Testament
1 Machabees (A.V. Maccabees) Eleazar kills an elephant from beneath and is crushed by it (1 Mach. 6:46)
Typology and Prophecy
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisManuscriptsBerlin, Kunstbibliothek, CD 1 R (formerly Lipp. 403, Master of Amiens 200, c1450-1460)
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 24: Crucifixion24d: Eleazar stabs the elephant into its belly and is crushed by it → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 24: Crucifixion24d: Eleazar stabs the elephant into its belly and is crushed by it → Variant: Eleazar lying in front of the elephant
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 24: Crucifixion24c: King Codrus of Athens lets himself be slain disguised as a common soldier to save his city → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 24: Crucifixion24c: King Codrus of Athens lets himself be slain disguised as a common soldier to save his city → Variant: Death of Codrus alone
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament 1 Machabees 1 Mach. 6:46: Eleazar kills an elephant from beneath and is crushed by itType for the Crucifixion (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Antitypes for episodes from the Passion of Christ Crucifixion with Death of King Codrus of AthensSpeculum Humanae Salvationis
Antitypes for episodes from the Passion of Christ Crucifixion with 1 Mach. 6:46: Eleazar kills an elephant from beneath and is crushed by it (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Non-biblical narratives treated as Types Death of King Codrus of AthensType for the Crucifixion (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Further details
ARTIST/CREATOR
Master of Amiens 200 (active c1454-1480)
DATE
circa 1450 - 1460
LOCATION
Berlin, Kunstbibliothek → CD 1 R (formerly Lipp. 403), fol. 29r
TEXT/BOOK/DOCUMENT (SOURCE OF PHOTO)
Speculum humanae salvationis
Notes on photograph
DESCRIPTION
Evelyn Silber gift
Contact
For comments or queries, please contact photographic.collect@sas.ac.uk