Iconography
LITERATURE
Modern
Comestor, PetrusHistoria ScholasticaNon-biblical EpisodesDaniel - Nabuchodonosor's body cut into 300 parts and fed to 300 birds
RELIGIOUS ICONOGRAPHY
Old Testament
2 Kings (A.V. II Samuel) David and Absalom (2 Kings 15-19) Joab pierces Absalom with three lances (2 Kings 18:14)
Typology and Prophecy
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisManuscriptsBerlin, Kunstbibliothek, CD 1 R (formerly Lipp. 403, Master of Amiens 200, c1450-1460)
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 25: The dead Christ mocked and pierced with a lance25d: Evil-Merodach cuts the body of his father Nabuchodonosor in 300 parts and feeds them to 300 birds → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 25: The dead Christ mocked and pierced with a lance25d: Evil-Merodach cuts the body of his father Nabuchodonosor in 300 parts and feeds them to 300 birds → Variant: Nabuchodonosor's body on a table, but without his head and two birds in the foreground
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 25: The dead Christ mocked and pierced with a lance25c: Absalom, already wounded by lances, is attacked with swords → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 25: The dead Christ mocked and pierced with a lance25c: Absalom, already wounded by lances, is attacked with swords → Variant: Absalom hanging from a tree, his horse disappearing or gone, riders pursuing him attack him with spears
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament 2 Kings 2 Kings 18:14-15: Absalom is attacked first with three spears and then with swordsType for the Crucifixion (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis (Type for the mocking of Christ on the Cross)
Antitypes for episodes from the Passion of Christ Crucifixion with Evilmerodach cutting the dead body of his father Nabuchodonosor into 300 parts (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis (Type for the Mocking of Christ on the Cross)
Antitypes for episodes from the Passion of Christ Crucifixion with 2 Kings 18:14-15: Absalom is attacked first with three spears and then with swords (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis (Type for the Mocking of Christ on the Cross)
Non-biblical narratives treated as Types Evil-Merodach cuts the body of Evil-Merodach into 300 partsType for the Crucifixion (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis (Type for the Mocking of Christ on the Cross)
Further details
ARTIST/CREATOR
Master of Amiens 200 (active c1454-1480)
DATE
circa 1450 - 1460
LOCATION
Berlin, Kunstbibliothek → CD 1 R (formerly Lipp. 403), fol. 30r
TEXT/BOOK/DOCUMENT (SOURCE OF PHOTO)
Speculum humanae salvationis
Notes on photograph
DESCRIPTION
Evelyn Silber gift
Contact
For comments or queries, please contact photographic.collect@sas.ac.uk