Iconography
RELIGIOUS ICONOGRAPHY
Old Testament
Judges Abimelech (Jud. 9) A woman kills Abimelech by throwing a stone from the tower of Thebes (Jud. 9:50-54)
1 Kings (A.V. I Samuel) The war between Saul and David (1 Kings 19-31) David flees from Saul (1 Kings 19-20)Michol talks to Saul's soldiers whilst David escapes from her house
Typology and Prophecy
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisManuscriptsBerlin, Kunstbibliothek, CD 1 R (formerly Lipp. 403, Master of Amiens 200, c1450-1460)
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 38: Mary protecting the faithful under her cloak38d: Michol lets David escape from Saul's men → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 38: Mary protecting the faithful under her cloak38d: Michol lets David escape from Saul's men → Original composition: Michol is talking to Saul's soldiers whilst David is letting himself down a rope from the upper floor
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 38: Mary protecting the faithful under her cloak38c: When Abimelech besieged Thebes, a woman killed him by throwing down a millstone → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 38: Mary protecting the faithful under her cloak38c: When Abimelech besieged Thebes, a woman killed him by throwing down a millstone → Variant: The woman stands above empty-handed, and the wounded Abimelech waits to be killed by his armourbearer
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament Judges Jud. 9:53-54: Abimelech attacks the tower of Sichem, is wounded by a stone thrown down by a woman, and asks his armourbearer to kill himModel for Mary protecting the Faithful (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament 1 Kings 1 Kings 19:12: With Michol's help David escapes through the windowModel for Mary protecting the Faithful (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Hagiographic Scenes with biblical models Virgin MaryMary as Protector and Intercessorwith 1 Kings 19:12: With Michol's help David escapes through the window (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Hagiographic Scenes with biblical models Virgin MaryMary as Protector and Intercessorwith Jud. 9:53-54: Abimelech attacks the tower of Sichem, is wounded by a stone thrown down by a woman, and asks his armourbearer to kill him (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Further details
ARTIST/CREATOR
Master of Amiens 200 (active c1454-1480)
DATE
circa 1450 - 1460
LOCATION
Berlin, Kunstbibliothek → CD 1 R (formerly Lipp. 403), fol. 43r
TEXT/BOOK/DOCUMENT (SOURCE OF PHOTO)
Speculum humanae salvationis
Notes on photograph
DESCRIPTION
Evelyn Silber gift
Contact
For comments or queries, please contact photographic.collect@sas.ac.uk