(photo on external web page)
Iconography
RELIGIOUS ICONOGRAPHY
Old Testament
2 Kings (A.V. II Samuel) The Three Valiant Men (2 Kings 23) Banaias, one of the Three Valiant Men, had once killed a lion in a pit (2 Kings 23:20)
Judith Judith beheads Holofernes and returns to Bethulia (Judith 13) Judith beheads Holofernes (Judith 13:10)
Typology and Prophecy
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisManuscriptsLilienfeld, Stiftsbibliothek, MS 114 (Austria, c1380)
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 30: Mary vanquishing the devil through compassion with Christ30b: Judith kills Holofernes → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 30: Mary vanquishing the devil through compassion with Christ30b: Judith kills Holofernes → Original composition: Judith stands behind Holofernes's bed and lifts the sword to behead him
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 29: Christ vanquishing the devil in Limbo through His Passion29b: Banaias kills the lion in a cave → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 29: Christ vanquishing the devil in Limbo through His Passion29b: Banaias kills the lion in a cave → Variant: Banaias stabs the lion, which is not lying on its back, with a lance
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament 2 Kings 2 Kings 23:20: Banaias kills a lion in a pitType for the Harrowing of Hell (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis (Type for Christ vanquishing the devil in limbo)
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament Judith Judith 13:8-11: Judith beheads HolofernesType for Mary vanquishing the devil (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Antitypes for episodes from the Resurrection of Christ to the Coronation of the Virgin Harrowing of Hell with 2 Kings 23:20: Banaias kills a lion in a pit (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis (Type for Christ vanquishing the devil in limbo)
Hagiographic Scenes with biblical models Virgin MaryMary vanquishing the devilwith Judith 13:8-11: Judith beheads Holofernes (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Further details
By mistake, the draughtsman first depicted 30b, and then replaced it with 29b
ARTIST/CREATOR
Austrian from Kleinmariazell Abbey
DATE
circa 1380
LOCATION
Lilienfeld, Stiftsbibliothek → 114, fol. 43r
TEXT/BOOK/DOCUMENT (SOURCE OF PHOTO)
Speculum humanae salvationis
Acknowledgements
Images on external web-page, kindly provided by the Stiftsbibliothek Lilienfeld and manuscriptorium.com (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0)
Contact
For comments or queries, please contact photographic.collect@sas.ac.uk