(photo on external web page)
Iconography
RELIGIOUS ICONOGRAPHY
Old Testament
Judges Abimelech (Jud. 9) A woman kills Abimelech by throwing a stone from the tower of Thebes (Jud. 9:50-54)
Typology and Prophecy
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisPrinted editionsParis: perhaps Treperel, c1493 (woodcuts also used by Vérard)
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 38: Mary protecting the faithful under her cloak38c: When Abimelech besieged Thebes, a woman killed him by throwing down a millstone → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 38: Mary protecting the faithful under her cloak38c: When Abimelech besieged Thebes, a woman killed him by throwing down a millstone → Original composition: Simultaneously the woman on the tower holds the millstone, it hits Abimelech beneath, his armourbearer kills him
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament Judges Jud. 9:53-54: Abimelech attacks the tower of Sichem, is wounded by a stone thrown down by a woman, and asks his armourbearer to kill himModel for Mary protecting the Faithful (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Hagiographic Scenes with biblical models Virgin MaryMary as Protector and Intercessorwith Jud. 9:53-54: Abimelech attacks the tower of Sichem, is wounded by a stone thrown down by a woman, and asks his armourbearer to kill him (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Further details
The woodblock series for the Speculum omits a number of common scenes that were replaced with re-used woodcuts, the Speculum blocks were also used in editions by Vérard. Many woodblocks appear in the wrong place.
ARTIST/CREATOR
Paris
DATE
circa 1493
LOCATION
n/a
TEXT/BOOK/DOCUMENT (SOURCE OF PHOTO)
Cest le mirouer de la redempcion humaine (GW M4304210), Paris (perhaps Jan Tréperel), 1493 (circa), fol. v7v
Acknowledgements
Images on external web-page, kindly provided by the Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin Preußischer Kulturbesitz (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 DE)
Contact
For comments or queries, please contact photographic.collect@sas.ac.uk