Iconography
RELIGIOUS ICONOGRAPHY
Old Testament
Judges Othoniel, Ehud (Aod) and Samgar (Jud. 3) Samgar kills six-hundred Philistines with a ploughshare (Jud. 3:31)
2 Kings (A.V. II Samuel) The Three Valiant Men (2 Kings 23) David, despite being tender like a woodworm, once killed eight hundred Egyptians (2 Kings 23:8, in some translations not David but Adino or Hachmonis, one of his heroes)
Typology and Prophecy
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisManuscriptsLondon, British Library, Add MS 16578 (Lower Bavaria, 1378, incomplete set)
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 17: The soldiers who come to arrest Christ fall to the ground17d: David kills eight hundred enemies → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 17: The soldiers who come to arrest Christ fall to the ground17d: David kills eight hundred enemies → Variant: David, without sword over his head, attacks enemies at his right or left
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 17: The soldiers who come to arrest Christ fall to the ground17c: Samgar kills six hundred enemies with a ploughshare → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 17: The soldiers who come to arrest Christ fall to the ground17c: Samgar kills six hundred enemies with a ploughshare → Variant: Samgar with a ploughshare, but not holding it above his head
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament Judges Jud. 3:31: Samgar kills six-hundred Philistines with a ploughshareType for the soldiers who came to arrest Christ falling to the ground (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament 2 Kings 2 Kings 23:8: David, although like a tender little worm of the wood, killed eight-hundred enemiesType for the soldiers who came to arrest Christ falling to the ground (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Further details
ARTIST/CREATOR
Lower Bavaria The colophon names the scribe Ulricus de Osterhoven
DATE
1379
LOCATION
London, British Library → Add MS 16578, fol. 20r
TEXT/BOOK/DOCUMENT (SOURCE OF PHOTO)
Speculum humanae salvationis
Contact
For comments or queries, please contact photographic.collect@sas.ac.uk