(photo on external web page)
Iconography
RELIGIOUS ICONOGRAPHY
Old Testament
Judges Abimelech (Jud. 9) A woman kills Abimelech by throwing a stone from the tower of Thebes (Jud. 9:50-54)
Typology and Prophecy
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisManuscriptsParis, Bibliothèque Nationale, Vélins-906 (Paris: Vérard, c1493-1494, with heavily overpainted woodcuts) → First foliation
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 38: Mary protecting the faithful under her cloak38c: When Abimelech besieged Thebes, a woman killed him by throwing down a millstone → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 38: Mary protecting the faithful under her cloak38c: When Abimelech besieged Thebes, a woman killed him by throwing down a millstone → Original composition: Simultaneously the woman on the tower holds the millstone, it hits Abimelech beneath, his armourbearer kills him
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament Judges Jud. 9:53-54: Abimelech attacks the tower of Sichem, is wounded by a stone thrown down by a woman, and asks his armourbearer to kill himModel for Mary protecting the Faithful (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Hagiographic Scenes with biblical models Virgin MaryMary as Protector and Intercessorwith Jud. 9:53-54: Abimelech attacks the tower of Sichem, is wounded by a stone thrown down by a woman, and asks his armourbearer to kill him (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Further details
With illuminations painted on top of the woodcuts, in most cases repeating their composition but altering details
ARTIST/CREATOR
Paris
DATE
circa 1493 - 1494
LOCATION
Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France → Vélins-906, fol. v7v
TEXT/BOOK/DOCUMENT (SOURCE OF PHOTO)
Mirouer de la redempcion humaine (GW M4304250), Paris (Vérard), 1492-1493
Find out more
RELATIONS
complete digital copy of illustrated text (external website)
Acknowledgements
Images on external web-page, kindly provided by the Bibliothèque nationale de France, Source gallica.bnf.fr / BnF (public domain)
Contact
For comments or queries, please contact photographic.collect@sas.ac.uk