Iconography
LITERATURE
Modern
Comestor, PetrusHistoria ScholasticaNon-biblical EpisodesGenesis - The hammering of Tubal-Cain inspires Jubal to invent harmony
RELIGIOUS ICONOGRAPHY
Old Testament
Genesis Cain and Abel Cain and his family (Gen. 4:17-22)Lamech and his childrenThe hammering of Tubal-Cain inspires Jubal to invent harmony (Comestor)
4 Kings (A.V. II Kings) The kings of Israel, Juda, and Edom, fight against the king of Moab (4 Kings 3) The besieged King of Moab sacrifices his oldest son on the city walls (4 Kings 3:27)The King of Moab sacrifices his son
Isaias (A.V. Isaiah) Isaias sawn asunder (Comestor)
Life of Christ
Passion Before the Crucifixion Christ nailed to the crossCross not fully raised up, Christ being nailed to the cross but not stretched out with ropes
Typology and Prophecy
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisManuscriptsGlasgow, University Library, Hunter 60 (Bruges, 1454-1455)
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 23: Christ nailed to the Cross23d: The King of Moab kills his son to end a siege → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 23: Christ nailed to the Cross23d: The King of Moab kills his son to end a siege → Original composition: The King of Moab beheads or stabs his son above a city gate
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 23: Christ nailed to the Cross23c: Isaias is sawn into two parts → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 23: Christ nailed to the Cross23c: Isaias is sawn into two parts → Original composition: Isaias is suspended upside-down from beams or similar contraptions and sawn asunder by two men, starting at his groin
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 23: Christ nailed to the Cross23b: The hammering of Tubal-Cain, the first smith, inspire Jubal to invent singing → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 23: Christ nailed to the Cross23b: The hammering of Tubal-Cain, the first smith, inspire Jubal to invent singing → Variant: Tubal-Cain and an assistant hammering, at the side Jubal with a musical instrument
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 23: Christ nailed to the Cross23a: Christ nailed to the Cross → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 23: Christ nailed to the Cross23a: Christ nailed to the Cross → Variant: Cross diagonal, Christ being nailed to it but not stretched out with ropes, without Mary or John
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament 4 Kings 4 Kings 3:27: The King of Moab sacrifices his eldest son on the walls to end a siegeType for Christ being nailed to the Cross (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Antitypes for episodes from the Passion of Christ Christ nailed to the Cross with the hammering of Tubal-Cain, the first smith, inspiring Jubal to invent singing (Comestor, SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Antitypes for episodes from the Passion of Christ Christ nailed to the Cross with Isaias sawn into pieces (non-biblical, SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Antitypes for episodes from the Passion of Christ Christ nailed to the Cross with 4 Kings 3:27: The King of Moab sacrifices his eldest son on the walls to end a siege (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Non-biblical narratives treated as Types Isaias is sawn in two by command of King ManassesType for Christ nailed to the Cross (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Non-biblical narratives treated as Types The hammering of Tubal-Cain, the first smith, inspire Jubal to invent music Type for Christ nailed to the Cross (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Further details
ARTIST/CREATOR
Bruges
DATE
1454 - 1455
LOCATION
Glasgow, University Library → Hunter 60 (T.2.18), fol. 34r
TEXT/BOOK/DOCUMENT (SOURCE OF PHOTO)
Speculum humanae salvationis
Acknowledgements
Image: Conway Library, © Courtauld Institute of Art, London, negative number 119 22 (8a)
Contact
For comments or queries, please contact photographic.collect@sas.ac.uk