Iconography
LITERATURE
Modern
Comestor, PetrusHistoria ScholasticaNon-biblical EpisodesDaniel - Nabuchodonosor's body cut into 300 parts and fed to 300 birds
RELIGIOUS ICONOGRAPHY
Old Testament
2 Kings (A.V. II Samuel) David and Absalom (2 Kings 15-19) Joab pierces Absalom with three lances (2 Kings 18:14)
2 Kings (A.V. II Samuel) The Ark returns to Jerusalem (2 Kings 6-7) Michol reproaches David for having danced before the Ark of the Covenant, he justifies his action (2 Kings 6:21-23)
Life of Christ
Passion CrucifixionSingle crossWith soldiers, but without centurion's conversionChrist's side being pierced, vinegar not offered
Typology and Prophecy
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisManuscriptsGlasgow, University Library, Hunter 60 (Bruges, 1454-1455)
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 25: The dead Christ mocked and pierced with a lance25d: Evil-Merodach cuts the body of his father Nabuchodonosor in 300 parts and feeds them to 300 birds → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 25: The dead Christ mocked and pierced with a lance25d: Evil-Merodach cuts the body of his father Nabuchodonosor in 300 parts and feeds them to 300 birds → Variant: Nabuchodonosor's body on a table, but without his head and two birds in the foreground
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 25: The dead Christ mocked and pierced with a lance25c: Absalom, already wounded by lances, is attacked with swords → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 25: The dead Christ mocked and pierced with a lance25c: Absalom, already wounded by lances, is attacked with swords → Variant: Absalom hanging from the tree, foot soldiers pursuing him with spears
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 25: The dead Christ mocked and pierced with a lance25b: Michol reproaches David for dancing in front of the Ark of the Covenant → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 25: The dead Christ mocked and pierced with a lance25b: Michol reproaches David for dancing in front of the Ark of the Covenant → Variant: David, not playing the harp, reproached by Michol standing next to him
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 25: The dead Christ mocked and pierced with a lance25a: The crucified Christ mocked by the Jews → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 25: The dead Christ mocked and pierced with a lance25a: The crucified Christ mocked by the Jews → Variant: A soldier piercing Christ's side, without Mary or John
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament 2 Kings 2 Kings 18:14-15: Absalom is attacked first with three spears and then with swordsType for the Crucifixion (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis (Type for the mocking of Christ on the Cross)
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament 2 Kings 2 Kings 6:15-16, 20-22: David dances before the Ark of the Covenant and is rebuked by his wife MicholType for the Crucifixion (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis (Type for the mocking of Christ on the Cross)
Antitypes for episodes from the Passion of Christ Crucifixion with Evilmerodach cutting the dead body of his father Nabuchodonosor into 300 parts (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis (Type for the Mocking of Christ on the Cross)
Antitypes for episodes from the Passion of Christ Crucifixion with 2 Kings 18:14-15: Absalom is attacked first with three spears and then with swords (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis (Type for the Mocking of Christ on the Cross)
Antitypes for episodes from the Passion of Christ Crucifixion with 2 Kings 6:15-16, 20-22: David dances before the Ark of the Covenant and is rebuked by his wife Michol (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis (Type for the Mocking of the Dead Christ)
Non-biblical narratives treated as Types Evil-Merodach cuts the body of Evil-Merodach into 300 partsType for the Crucifixion (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis (Type for the Mocking of Christ on the Cross)
Further details
The figures at the top come apparently from the usual compositons showing David playing the harp
ARTIST/CREATOR
Bruges
DATE
1454 - 1455
LOCATION
Glasgow, University Library → Hunter 60 (T.2.18), fol. 36v
TEXT/BOOK/DOCUMENT (SOURCE OF PHOTO)
Speculum humanae salvationis
Acknowledgements
Image: Conway Library, © Courtauld Institute of Art, London, negative number 119 18 (20)
Contact
For comments or queries, please contact photographic.collect@sas.ac.uk