Iconography
HISTORY
Ancient
Tomyris Beheading Cyrus
RELIGIOUS ICONOGRAPHY
Old Testament
Judges Deborah, Barak and Jael (Jud. 4) Jael drives a nail through Sisera's head (Jud. 4:21)
Judith Judith beheads Holofernes and returns to Bethulia (Judith 13) Judith beheads Holofernes (Judith 13:10)
Virgin Mary
Iconography of the Virgin MaryMary's Compassion with Christ Mary with the Instruments of the Passion, trampling on a devil
Typology and Prophecy
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisManuscriptsGlasgow, University Library, Hunter 60 (Bruges, 1454-1455)
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 30: Mary vanquishing the devil through compassion with Christ30d: Tomyris beheads King Cyrus and dips his head into a barrel of blood → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 30: Mary vanquishing the devil through compassion with Christ30d: Tomyris beheads King Cyrus and dips his head into a barrel of blood → Original composition: Tomyris hold a sword in one hand and the severed head of Cyrus in the other
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 30: Mary vanquishing the devil through compassion with Christ30c: Jael drives a nail into Sisera's head → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 30: Mary vanquishing the devil through compassion with Christ30c: Jael drives a nail into Sisera's head → Variant: Sisera lies on a bed or in a tent
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 30: Mary vanquishing the devil through compassion with Christ30b: Judith kills Holofernes → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 30: Mary vanquishing the devil through compassion with Christ30b: Judith kills Holofernes → Original composition: Judith stands behind Holofernes's bed and lifts the sword to behead him
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 30: Mary vanquishing the devil through compassion with Christ30a: Mary with the instruments of the Passion tramples the devil → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 30: Mary vanquishing the devil through compassion with Christ30a: Mary with the instruments of the Passion tramples the devil → Variant: Mary stands under the Cross, trampling the devil
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament Judges Jud. 4:21: Jael drives a nail into Sisera's headType for Mary vanquishing the devil (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament Judith Judith 13:8-11: Judith beheads HolofernesType for Mary vanquishing the devil (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Non-biblical narratives treated as Types Tomyris dips the head of Cyrus into bloodType for Mary vanquishing the devil (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Hagiographic Scenes with biblical models Virgin MaryMary vanquishing the devilwith Tomyris dipping the severed head of Cyrus into a barrel of blood (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Hagiographic Scenes with biblical models Virgin MaryMary vanquishing the devilwith Jud. 4:21: Jael drives a nail into Sisera's head (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Hagiographic Scenes with biblical models Virgin MaryMary vanquishing the devilwith Judith 13:8-11: Judith beheads Holofernes (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Further details
ARTIST/CREATOR
Bruges
DATE
1454 - 1455
LOCATION
Glasgow, University Library → Hunter 60 (T.2.18), fol. 43v
TEXT/BOOK/DOCUMENT (SOURCE OF PHOTO)
Speculum humanae salvationis
Acknowledgements
Image: Conway Library, © Courtauld Institute of Art, London, negative number 119 18 (22)
Contact
For comments or queries, please contact photographic.collect@sas.ac.uk