Iconography
HISTORY
Ancient
Antipater (Father of Herod)Antipater showing his battle scars to Caesar, to prove both his loyalty and his courage
RELIGIOUS ICONOGRAPHY
Old Testament
Esther Esther's intercession with Assuerus (Esth. 4 - 5:8) Esther asks that the king and Aman might come to a banquet in her house (Esth. 5:3-4)
Miscellaneous
IntercessionThe Virgin Mary intercedes with Christ
IntercessionChrist intercedes with the Father, showing His wounds
Typology and Prophecy
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisManuscriptsBerlin, Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin - Preu├čischer Kulturbesitz, Ms. lat. fol. 937 (Augsburg, 1447, incomplete set)
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 39: Christ and Mary interceding for the faithful39d: Esther intercedes with Assuerus on behalf of the Jews → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 39: Christ and Mary interceding for the faithful39d: Esther intercedes with Assuerus on behalf of the Jews → Variant: Esther stands before Assuerus who does not gesticulate with his sceptre
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 39: Christ and Mary interceding for the faithful39c: Mary interceding with Christ, showing Him her breasts → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 39: Christ and Mary interceding for the faithful39c: Mary interceding with Christ, showing Him her breasts → Variant: Mary kneeling, Christ in clouds
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 39: Christ and Mary interceding for the faithful39b: Antipater shows his battle scars to Caesar → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 39: Christ and Mary interceding for the faithful39b: Antipater shows his battle scars to Caesar → Original composition: Antipater stands before the enthroned Caesar
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 39: Christ and Mary interceding for the faithful39a: Christ shows His wounds to the Father → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 39: Christ and Mary interceding for the faithful39a: Christ shows His wounds to the Father → Variant: Christ standing or kneeling, the Father in clouds
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament Esther Esth. 5:1-4: Esther intercedes with Assuerus for her her peopleModel for Mary interceding for the faithful (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Non-biblical narratives treated as Types Antipater showing his battle scars to CaesarModel for Christ showing His wounds the Father (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Hagiographic Scenes with biblical models Virgin MaryMary as Protector and Intercessorwith Esth. 5:1-4: Esther goes to Assuerus to intercede for the Jews (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Catechetical images with typological modelsChrist interceding with the Fatherwith Antipater showing his wounds to Caesar (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Further details
ARTIST/CREATOR
Augsburg
DATE
1447
LOCATION
Berlin, Staatsbibliothek → lat. fol. 937, fol. 56v-57r
TEXT/BOOK/DOCUMENT (SOURCE OF PHOTO)
Speculum humanae salvationis
Notes on photograph
DESCRIPTION
Evelyn Silber gift
Contact
For comments or queries, please contact photographic.collect@sas.ac.uk