Iconography
RELIGIOUS ICONOGRAPHY
Old Testament
Numbers Balaam (Bileam) and Balak (Num. 22-24) Balaam's ass stopped by an angel (Num. 22:22-30)
Virgin Mary
SymbolsSymbols taken from the Bible Cant. 4:12: Hortus conclusus soror mea, sponsa, hortus conclusus, fons signatus (My sister, my spouse, is a garden enclosed, a garden enclosed, a fountain sealed up)
Typology and Prophecy
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisManuscriptsNová Riše, Kanonie sv. Petra a Pavla, Ms 80 (Master of the Brno Speculum, c1415-1425)
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 3: Annunciation of the Conception of Mary3d: Balaam (Bileam) and the angel → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 3: Annunciation of the Conception of Mary3d: Balaam (Bileam) and the angel → Variant: The angel, with a lifted sword, confronts Balaam, who lifts his scourge or club, above a star
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 3: Annunciation of the Conception of Mary3c: The Garden Enclosed and Fountain Sealed Up → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 3: Annunciation of the Conception of Mary3c: The Garden Enclosed and Fountain Sealed Up → Original composition: Garden with circular walls, inside a simple well, often with rope and bucket above, not always clearly sealed
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament Numbers Num. 22:21-27: An angel blocking the way of Bileam's assType for Annunciation of the Conception of the Virgin Mary to Anne (SHS, few manuscripts only, the text refers to the prophecy of the star rather than this episode)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament Cantica Canticorum Cant. 4:12: The bride as enclosed garden and sealed fountainType for the Annunciation of the Conception of the Virgin Mary to Anne (SHS, few manuscripts only)
Antitypes for episodes from the Infancy of Christ Annunciation of the Conception of the Virgin Mary to Anne with Num. 22:21-27: An angel blocking the way of Bileam's ass (SHS, few manuscripts only)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Antitypes for episodes from the Infancy of Christ Annunciation of the Conception of the Virgin Mary to Anne with Cant. 4:12: The bride as enclosed garden and sealed fountain (SHS, few manuscripts only)
Further details
ARTIST/CREATOR
Master of the Brno Speculum (active Netherlands, c1410-1425)
DATE
circa 1415 - 1425
LOCATION
Nová Riše, Kanonie sv. Petra a Pavla → 80, fol. 3r
TEXT/BOOK/DOCUMENT (SOURCE OF PHOTO)
Speculum humanae salvationis
Notes on photograph
COLLECTION
Photo: James Marrow
Contact
For comments or queries, please contact photographic.collect@sas.ac.uk