Iconography
RELIGIOUS ICONOGRAPHY
Old Testament
Exodus Childhood of Moses Moses tramples or breaks the crown of Pharaoh (Comestor, non-scriptural)Moses feigns madness by eating burning coals and so is not punished
Jeremias (A.V. Jeremiah) Jeremias prophesies that the Egyptians will worship an image of a Virgin and a Child (non-biblical)
Typology and Prophecy
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisManuscriptsNová Riše, Kanonie sv. Petra a Pavla, Ms 80 (Master of the Brno Speculum, c1415-1425)
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 11: Fall of idols during the Flight into Egypt11c: The young Moses, having broken Pharao's crown, feigns madness by eating burning coals → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 11: Fall of idols during the Flight into Egypt11c: The young Moses, having broken Pharao's crown, feigns madness by eating burning coals → Original composition: On one side Pharao enthroned, then Moses, the executioner preparing to behead him, and a man holding a brazier with coals
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 11: Fall of idols during the Flight into Egypt11b: According to a prophecy of Jeremias the Egyptians would one day venerate the image of a virgin with her child → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 11: Fall of idols during the Flight into Egypt11b: According to a prophecy of Jeremias the Egyptians would one day venerate the image of a virgin with her child → Variant: Virgin alone, or Virgin and Child, without candles
Antitypes for episodes from the Infancy of Christ Flight into Egypt with the young Moses, having broken Pharao's crown, feigns madness by eating burning coals (Comestor, SHS, few manuscripts only)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Antitypes for episodes from the Infancy of Christ Flight into Egypt with Jeremias prophesying that the Egyptians will worship an image of a Virgin and a Child (non-biblical, SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Non-biblical narratives treated as Types The young Moses, having broken Pharao's crown, feigns madness by eating burning coals Type for the Flight into Egypt (SHS, few manuscripts only)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Non-biblical narratives treated as Types Jeremias prophesies that the Egyptians will worship an image of a Virgin and a Child Type for the Flight into Egypt (SHS, few manuscripts only)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Further details
ARTIST/CREATOR
Master of the Brno Speculum (active Netherlands, c1410-1425)
DATE
circa 1415 - 1425
LOCATION
Nová Riše, Kanonie sv. Petra a Pavla → 80, fol. 11r
TEXT/BOOK/DOCUMENT (SOURCE OF PHOTO)
Speculum humanae salvationis
Notes on photograph
COLLECTION
Photo: James Marrow
Contact
For comments or queries, please contact photographic.collect@sas.ac.uk