Iconography
RELIGIOUS ICONOGRAPHY
Old Testament
4 Kings (A.V. II Kings) The kings of Israel, Juda, and Edom, fight against the king of Moab (4 Kings 3) The besieged King of Moab sacrifices his oldest son on the city walls (4 Kings 3:27)The King of Moab sacrifices his son
Life of Christ
Passion CrucifixionThree crossesWithout centurion's conversionChrist's side not being pierced, nor vinegar offered → Virgin not fainting
Typology and Prophecy
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisManuscriptsNová Riše, Kanonie sv. Petra a Pavla, Ms 80 (Master of the Brno Speculum, c1415-1425)
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 24: Crucifixion24a: Christ on the Cross → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 24: Crucifixion24a: Christ on the Cross → Original composition: Three crosses, with Mary and John only, several texts on banderoles
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 23: Christ nailed to the Cross23d: The King of Moab kills his son to end a siege → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 23: Christ nailed to the Cross23d: The King of Moab kills his son to end a siege → Variant: The King of Moab beheads or stabs his son on the wall, but not above a gate
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament Daniel Dan. 4:7-14: Nabuchodonosor's dream of a large tree that is cut down, which foretells his temporary madnessType for the Crucifixion (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament 4 Kings 4 Kings 3:27: The King of Moab sacrifices his eldest son on the walls to end a siegeType for Christ being nailed to the Cross (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament 1 Machabees 1 Mach. 6:46: Eleazar kills an elephant from beneath and is crushed by itType for the Crucifixion (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Antitypes for episodes from the Passion of Christ Christ nailed to the Cross with 4 Kings 3:27: The King of Moab sacrifices his eldest son on the walls to end a siege (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Antitypes for episodes from the Passion of Christ Crucifixion with Death of King Codrus of AthensSpeculum Humanae Salvationis
Antitypes for episodes from the Passion of Christ Crucifixion with 1 Mach. 6:46: Eleazar kills an elephant from beneath and is crushed by it (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Antitypes for episodes from the Passion of Christ Crucifixion with Dan. 4:7-14: Nabuchodonosor's dream of a large tree that is cut down, which foretells his temporary madness (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Non-biblical narratives treated as Types Death of King Codrus of AthensType for the Crucifixion (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Further details
ARTIST/CREATOR
Master of the Brno Speculum (active Netherlands, c1410-1425)
DATE
circa 1415 - 1425
LOCATION
Nová Riše, Kanonie sv. Petra a Pavla → 80, fol. 25v
TEXT/BOOK/DOCUMENT (SOURCE OF PHOTO)
Speculum humanae salvationis
Notes on photograph
COLLECTION
Photo: James Marrow
Contact
For comments or queries, please contact photographic.collect@sas.ac.uk