Iconography
RELIGIOUS ICONOGRAPHY
Old Testament
2 Kings (A.V. II Samuel) The Ark returns to Jerusalem (2 Kings 6-7) Michol reproaches David for having danced before the Ark of the Covenant, he justifies his action (2 Kings 6:21-23)
Life of Christ
Passion CrucifixionSingle crossWith soldiers, but without centurion's conversionChrist's side not being pierced nor vinegar offered → Virgin not fainting
Typology and Prophecy
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisManuscriptsNová Riše, Kanonie sv. Petra a Pavla, Ms 80 (Master of the Brno Speculum, c1415-1425)
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 25: The dead Christ mocked and pierced with a lance25b: Michol reproaches David for dancing in front of the Ark of the Covenant → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 25: The dead Christ mocked and pierced with a lance25b: Michol reproaches David for dancing in front of the Ark of the Covenant → Variant: David, not playing the harp, reproached by Michol standing next to him
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 25: The dead Christ mocked and pierced with a lance25a: The crucified Christ mocked by the Jews → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 25: The dead Christ mocked and pierced with a lance25a: The crucified Christ mocked by the Jews → Variant: On one side Jews mocking Christ, on the other side soldiers, one holding a lance, Christ's side already pierced
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament 2 Kings 2 Kings 18:14-15: Absalom is attacked first with three spears and then with swordsType for the Crucifixion (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis (Type for the mocking of Christ on the Cross)
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament 2 Kings 2 Kings 6:15-16, 20-22: David dances before the Ark of the Covenant and is rebuked by his wife MicholType for the Crucifixion (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis (Type for the mocking of Christ on the Cross)
Antitypes for episodes from the Passion of Christ Crucifixion with Evilmerodach cutting the dead body of his father Nabuchodonosor into 300 parts (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis (Type for the Mocking of Christ on the Cross)
Antitypes for episodes from the Passion of Christ Crucifixion with 2 Kings 18:14-15: Absalom is attacked first with three spears and then with swords (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis (Type for the Mocking of Christ on the Cross)
Antitypes for episodes from the Passion of Christ Crucifixion with 2 Kings 6:15-16, 20-22: David dances before the Ark of the Covenant and is rebuked by his wife Michol (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis (Type for the Mocking of the Dead Christ)
Non-biblical narratives treated as Types Evil-Merodach cuts the body of Evil-Merodach into 300 partsType for the Crucifixion (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis (Type for the Mocking of Christ on the Cross)
Further details
ARTIST/CREATOR
Master of the Brno Speculum (active Netherlands, c1410-1425)
DATE
circa 1415 - 1425
LOCATION
Nová Riše, Kanonie sv. Petra a Pavla → 80, fol. 27r
TEXT/BOOK/DOCUMENT (SOURCE OF PHOTO)
Speculum humanae salvationis
Notes on photograph
COLLECTION
Photo: James Marrow
Contact
For comments or queries, please contact photographic.collect@sas.ac.uk