Iconography
RELIGIOUS ICONOGRAPHY
Old Testament
Judges Samson (Jud. 13-16) Samson and the Lion (Jud. 14:5-8)Samson kills the lion (Jud. 14:5-6)
2 Kings (A.V. II Samuel) The Three Valiant Men (2 Kings 23) Banaias, one of the Three Valiant Men, had once killed a lion in a pit (2 Kings 23:20)
Typology and Prophecy
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisManuscriptsNová Riše, Kanonie sv. Petra a Pavla, Ms 80 (Master of the Brno Speculum, c1415-1425)
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 29: Christ vanquishing the devil in Limbo through His Passion29c: Samson kills the lion → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 29: Christ vanquishing the devil in Limbo through His Passion29c: Samson kills the lion → Original composition: Samson astride on the lion, grasping with each hand one jaw
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 29: Christ vanquishing the devil in Limbo through His Passion29b: Banaias kills the lion in a cave → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 29: Christ vanquishing the devil in Limbo through His Passion29b: Banaias kills the lion in a cave → Variant: Banaias attacks the lion with a stick or a club
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament Judges Jud. 14:5-6: Samson kills the lionType for the Harrowing of Hell (BP, SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis (Type for Christ defeating the devil in limbo)
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament 2 Kings 2 Kings 23:20: Banaias kills a lion in a pitType for the Harrowing of Hell (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis (Type for Christ vanquishing the devil in limbo)
Antitypes for episodes from the Resurrection of Christ to the Coronation of the Virgin Harrowing of Hell with Jud. 14:5-6: Samson kills the lion (BP, SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis (Type for Christ vanquishing the devil in limbo)
Antitypes for episodes from the Resurrection of Christ to the Coronation of the Virgin Harrowing of Hell with 2 Kings 23:20: Banaias kills a lion in a pit (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis (Type for Christ vanquishing the devil in limbo)
Further details
ARTIST/CREATOR
Master of the Brno Speculum (active Netherlands, c1410-1425)
DATE
circa 1415 - 1425
LOCATION
Nová Riše, Kanonie sv. Petra a Pavla → 80, fol. 32r
TEXT/BOOK/DOCUMENT (SOURCE OF PHOTO)
Speculum humanae salvationis
Notes on photograph
COLLECTION
Photo: James Marrow
Contact
For comments or queries, please contact photographic.collect@sas.ac.uk