Iconography
RELIGIOUS ICONOGRAPHY
Old Testament
Judith Judith beheads Holofernes and returns to Bethulia (Judith 13) Judith beheads Holofernes (Judith 13:10)
Virgin Mary
Iconography of the Virgin MaryMary's Compassion with Christ Mary with the Instruments of the Passion, trampling on a devil
Typology and Prophecy
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisManuscriptsK√∂nigsberg, Stadtbibliothek, Cod. S. 18.2 (dispersed) → Chapter 30a-d (Collection Grigoryants)
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 30: Mary vanquishing the devil through compassion with Christ30b: Judith kills Holofernes → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 30: Mary vanquishing the devil through compassion with Christ30b: Judith kills Holofernes → Original composition: Judith stands behind Holofernes's bed and lifts the sword to behead him
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 30: Mary vanquishing the devil through compassion with Christ30a: Mary with the instruments of the Passion tramples the devil → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 30: Mary vanquishing the devil through compassion with Christ30a: Mary with the instruments of the Passion tramples the devil → Variant: Mary stands under the Cross, trampling the devil
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament Judges Jud. 4:21: Jael drives a nail into Sisera's headType for Mary vanquishing the devil (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament Judith Judith 13:8-11: Judith beheads HolofernesType for Mary vanquishing the devil (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Non-biblical narratives treated as Types Tomyris dips the head of Cyrus into bloodType for Mary vanquishing the devil (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Hagiographic Scenes with biblical models Virgin MaryMary vanquishing the devilwith Tomyris dipping the severed head of Cyrus into a barrel of blood (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Hagiographic Scenes with biblical models Virgin MaryMary vanquishing the devilwith Jud. 4:21: Jael drives a nail into Sisera's head (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Hagiographic Scenes with biblical models Virgin MaryMary vanquishing the devilwith Judith 13:8-11: Judith beheads Holofernes (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Further details
ARTIST/CREATOR
Tyrolese or Swiss
DATE
1426
LOCATION
Moscow, Collection S. I. Grigoryants (formerly Moscow, Collection I. G. Sanowich)
TEXT/BOOK/DOCUMENT (SOURCE OF PHOTO)
Speculum humanae salvationis
Notes on photograph
BIBLIOGRAPHIC CITATION
Ekaterina Zolotova, Western European Book Miniatures of the 12th-17th Centuries. Catalogue of illuminated manuscripts in Moscow Libraries, Museums and Private Collection, Moskva 2012, pp. 268-271, 434-436, no. 134
Acknowledgements
Illustrations reproduced from Zolotova's book with kind permission of the author, location and date as kindly suggested by Mikhail Rogov, Moscow
Contact
For comments or queries, please contact photographic.collect@sas.ac.uk