Iconography
HISTORY
Ancient
Tomyris Dipping Cyrus's head into a barrel of blood
RELIGIOUS ICONOGRAPHY
Old Testament
Judges Deborah, Barak and Jael (Jud. 4) Jael drives a nail through Sisera's head (Jud. 4:21)
Typology and Prophecy
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisManuscriptsK√∂nigsberg, Stadtbibliothek, Cod. S. 18.2 (dispersed) → Chapter 30a-d (Collection Grigoryants)
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 30: Mary vanquishing the devil through compassion with Christ30d: Tomyris beheads King Cyrus and dips his head into a barrel of blood → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 30: Mary vanquishing the devil through compassion with Christ30d: Tomyris beheads King Cyrus and dips his head into a barrel of blood → Original composition: Tomyris hold a sword in one hand and the severed head of Cyrus in the other
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 30: Mary vanquishing the devil through compassion with Christ30c: Jael drives a nail into Sisera's head → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 30: Mary vanquishing the devil through compassion with Christ30c: Jael drives a nail into Sisera's head → Original composition: Sisera lies on the ground, holding a shield
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament Judges Jud. 4:21: Jael drives a nail into Sisera's headType for Mary vanquishing the devil (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Non-biblical narratives treated as Types Tomyris dips the head of Cyrus into bloodType for Mary vanquishing the devil (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Hagiographic Scenes with biblical models Virgin MaryMary vanquishing the devilwith Tomyris dipping the severed head of Cyrus into a barrel of blood (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Hagiographic Scenes with biblical models Virgin MaryMary vanquishing the devilwith Jud. 4:21: Jael drives a nail into Sisera's head (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Further details
ARTIST/CREATOR
Tyrolese or Swiss
DATE
1426
LOCATION
Moscow, Collection S. I. Grigoryants (formerly Moscow, Collection I. G. Sanowich)
TEXT/BOOK/DOCUMENT (SOURCE OF PHOTO)
Speculum humanae salvationis
Notes on photograph
BIBLIOGRAPHIC CITATION
Ekaterina Zolotova, Western European Book Miniatures of the 12th-17th Centuries. Catalogue of illuminated manuscripts in Moscow Libraries, Museums and Private Collection, Moskva 2012, pp. 268-271, 434-436, no. 134
Acknowledgements
Illustrations reproduced from Zolotova's book with kind permission of the author, location and date as kindly suggested by Mikhail Rogov, Moscow
Contact
For comments or queries, please contact photographic.collect@sas.ac.uk