Iconography
RELIGIOUS ICONOGRAPHY
Old Testament
Exodus Childhood of Moses Moses, as Egyptian general, besieges Saba but then makes peace with it and marries Tarbis, the daughter of its king (Comestor, non-scriptural)Moses approaches Saba and is seen by Tarbis and her father from the walls
Judges Abimelech (Jud. 9) A woman kills Abimelech by throwing a stone from the tower of Thebes (Jud. 9:50-54)
Typology and Prophecy
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisManuscriptsK√∂nigsberg, Stadtbibliothek, Cod. S. 18.2 (dispersed) → Chapter 38b-c (Pushkin Museum)
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 38: Mary protecting the faithful under her cloak38c: When Abimelech besieged Thebes, a woman killed him by throwing down a millstone → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 38: Mary protecting the faithful under her cloak38c: When Abimelech besieged Thebes, a woman killed him by throwing down a millstone → Variant: Simultaneously, the woman on the tower holds the millstone, and the wounded Abimelech waits to be killed by his armourbearer
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 38: Mary protecting the faithful under her cloak38b: Moses besieged the city of Saba and then fell in love and married Tarbis, daughter of its king → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 38: Mary protecting the faithful under her cloak38b: Moses besieged the city of Saba and then fell in love and married Tarbis, daughter of its king → Original composition: Moses rides past the wall of Saba, on which the king and his daughter Tarbis are standing
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament Judges Jud. 9:53-54: Abimelech attacks the tower of Sichem, is wounded by a stone thrown down by a woman, and asks his armourbearer to kill himModel for Mary protecting the Faithful (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Non-biblical narratives treated as Types Moses stops the siege of Saba after falling in love with Tarbis, daughter of its kingModel for Mary protecting the Faithful (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Hagiographic Scenes with biblical models Virgin MaryMary as Protector and Intercessorwith Jud. 9:53-54: Abimelech attacks the tower of Sichem, is wounded by a stone thrown down by a woman, and asks his armourbearer to kill him (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Hagiographic Scenes with biblical models Virgin MaryMary as Protector and Intercessorwith Moses stopping the siege of Saba after falling in love with Tarbis, daughter of its king (Flavius and Comestor, SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Further details
ARTIST/CREATOR
Tyrolese or Swiss
DATE
1426
LOCATION
Moscow, Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts (inv. 19308v)
TEXT/BOOK/DOCUMENT (SOURCE OF PHOTO)
Speculum humanae salvationis
Notes on photograph
BIBLIOGRAPHIC CITATION
Ekaterina Zolotova, Western European Book Miniatures of the 12th-17th Centuries. Catalogue of illuminated manuscripts in Moscow Libraries, Museums and Private Collection, Moskva 2012, pp. 268-271, 434-436, no. 134
Acknowledgements
Illustrations reproduced from Zolotova's book with kind permission of the author, location and date as kindly suggested by Mikhail Rogov, Moscow
Contact
For comments or queries, please contact photographic.collect@sas.ac.uk