Iconography
HISTORY
Ancient
CodrusSelf-sacrifice of King Codrus of Athens Codrus killed, with another image of Codrus alone in the background (significance unclear)
RELIGIOUS ICONOGRAPHY
Old Testament
Genesis Joseph Joseph thrown into the well (Gen. 37:23-24)
2 Kings (A.V. II Samuel) Coronation and exaltation of David, Joab and Abner (2 Kings 2-5) David mourns for Abner (2 Kings 3:31-38)
Jonas (A.V. Jonah) Jonas cast over board and swallowed by the sea-monster (Jon. 1:15, 2:1)
Typology and Prophecy
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisManuscriptsK√∂nigsberg, Stadtbibliothek, Cod. S. 18.2 (dispersed) → Chapter 27b-d (unknown location)
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 27: Entombment of Christ27d: Jonas is thrown overboard and swallowed by a sea-monster → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 27: Entombment of Christ27d: Jonas is thrown overboard and swallowed by a sea-monster → Variant: Most of Jonas's body is already in the water or inside the fish
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 27: Entombment of Christ27c: Joseph is thrown into the cistern → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 27: Entombment of Christ27c: Joseph is thrown into the cistern → Original composition: Two men hold Joseph's outstretched arms and lower him into the cistern
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 27: Entombment of Christ27b: David mourns at Abner's funeral → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 27: Entombment of Christ27b: David mourns at Abner's funeral → Original composition: David walks behind Abner's hearse, which is carried by two men
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament Genesis Gen. 37:23-24: Joseph thrown into the cisternType for the Entombment of Christ (BP, SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament 2 Kings 2 Kings 3:31-38: David mourns for AbnerType for the Entombment of Christ (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament Jonas Jon. 1:15-2:1: Jonas cast over board and swallowed by the sea-monsterType for the Entombment of Christ (BP, SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Antitypes for episodes from the Passion of Christ Entombment of Christ with Gen. 37:23-24: Joseph thrown into the cistern (BP, SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Antitypes for episodes from the Passion of Christ Entombment of Christ with Jon. 1:15-2:1: Jonas cast over board and swallowed by the sea-monster (BP, SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Antitypes for episodes from the Passion of Christ Entombment of Christ with 2 Kings 3:31-38: David mourns for Abner (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Further details
ARTIST/CREATOR
Tyrolese or Swiss Text by a scriptor Caspar
DATE
1426
LOCATION
Unknown location (photograph in the Pushkin Museum, with inv. 17481-g of an unknown collection)
TEXT/BOOK/DOCUMENT (SOURCE OF PHOTO)
Speculum humanae salvationis
Notes on photograph
BIBLIOGRAPHIC CITATION
E. Iu. Zolotova, Nemetskaia rukopis 'Zertsalo chelovecheskogo spaseniia' XV veka: Opyt rekonstruktsii (The German manuscript 'Mirror of human salvation' of the XV century: A reconstruction attempt, in Lazarevskie chteniia. Iskusstvo Vizantii, Drevnei Rusi, Zapadnoi Evropy. Materialy nauchnoi konferentsii 2009 (Lazarevsky readings: The art of Byzantium, Ancient Russia, Western Europe. Materials of the scientific conference 2009), Moskva 2009, pp. 346-367, p. 354, fig. 14
Acknowledgements
Illustrations reproduced from Zolotova's book with kind permission of the author, location and date as kindly suggested by Mikhail Rogov, Moscow
Contact
For comments or queries, please contact photographic.collect@sas.ac.uk