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RELIGIOUS ICONOGRAPHY
Typology and Prophecy
→ Cycles → Manuscripts and Prints → Speculum humanae salvationis → Chapter 38: Mary protecting the faithful under her cloak
→ 38c: When Abimelech besieged Thebes, a woman killed him by throwing down a millstone → Original composition: Simultaneously the woman on the tower holds the millstone, it hits Abimelech beneath, his armourbearer kills him
The Speculum: introduction - description - summary


Toledo, Archivo Capitular
10.8, fol. 41r
1320-1340
Munich,
Bayerische Staatsbibliothek
Clm 146, fol. 41r
2nd quarter 14th century
Speculum humanae salvationis, fol. r
circa 1330 -1340
Augsburg,
Universitätsbibliothek
Cod.I.2.2.23 (Oettingen-Wallersteinsche Bibliothek), fol. 42r
circa 1350
Karlsruhe,
Badische Landesbibliothek
Karlsruhe 3378, p. 133
mid 14th century
Berlin, Staatsbibliothek
lat. fol. 329, fol. 36v-37r
mid 14th century
Berlin, Staatsbibliothek
lat. fol. 329, fol. 37r
mid 14th century
Paris,
Bibliothèque nationale de France
fr. 400, fol. 20v
2nd half 14th century
Paris,
Bibliothèque de l'Arsenal
593, fol. 32v
2nd half 14th century
Munich,
Bayerische Staatsbibliothek
Clm 3003, fol. 36v
2nd half 14th century
Paris,
Bibliothèque nationale de France
lat. 9584, fol. 12r
circa 1370 -circa 1390
Paris,
Bibliothèque nationale de France
lat. 9584, fol. 12r
circa 1370 -circa 1390
Admont, Stiftsbibliothek
Cod. 101, fol. 41r
late 14th century
Brussels,
Bibliothèque royale de Belgique
281-283 (cat. no. 2140), fol. 42r
circa 1390
Brussels,
Bibliothèque royale de Belgique
281-283 (cat. no. 2140), fol. 42r
circa 1390
New Haven, CT,
Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Yale University
27, fol. 70r
circa 1400 -1410
Paris,
Bibliothèque nationale de France
lat. 512, fol. 40r
early 15th century
Neustift bei Brixen (Novacella),
Stiftsbibliothek
Cod. 166, fol. 41r
early 15th century
Vatican City,
Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana
Pal. lat. 413, fol. 42r
early 15th century
Wrocław,
Biblioteka Uniwersytecka
I F 108 a, fol. 24v
1st half 15th century
Paris,
Bibliothèque nationale de France
lat. 9585, fol. 44r
1st half 15th century
London, British Library
Add MS 11575, fol. 87r
circa 1410
Nová Riše,
Kanonie sv. Petra a Pavla
80, fol. 42v
circa 1415 -1425
Nová Riše,
Kanonie sv. Petra a Pavla
80, fol. 42v
circa 1415 -1425
New York, Public Library
Spencer 15, fol. 39v
circa 1420
New York, Public Library
Spencer 15, fol. 39v
circa 1420
Prague, Národní Muzeum
III.B.10, fol. 43v
circa 1420
Heidelberg,
Universitätsbibliothek
Pal. germ. 432, fol. 47v
circa 1420 -1430
Turin,
Biblioteca Nazionale Universitaria
I.II.11, fol. 42v
2nd quarter 15th century
Turin,
Biblioteca Nazionale Universitaria
I.II.11, fol. 42v
2nd quarter 15th century
Sarnen,
Benediktinerkollegium
Cod. membr. 8, fol. 39r
1427
Vatican City,
Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana
Reg. lat. 99, fol. 41r
1428-1429
Oxford, Bodleian Library
Douce 204, fol. 38v
circa 1430 -1450
Madrid,
Biblioteca Nacional de España
Vitr. 25-7 (olim B. 19), fol. 35r
1432
St Gall, Kantonsbibliothek
VadSlg Ms. 352,1-2, p. 75
circa 1440
Copenhagen,
Kongelige Bibliotek
GKS 79 folio, fol. 93v
circa 1440
Einsiedeln,
Stiftsbibliothek
Cod. 206(49), p. 75
circa 1450 -1460
Paris,
Bibliothèque nationale de France
fr. 188, fol. 43r
mid 15th century
Rothenburg ob der Tauber (Lower Franconia),
Konsistorialbibliothek (kept in the Stadtarchiv)
WD 107, fol. 80r
mid 15th century
Frankfurt,
Universitätsbibliothek
germ. qu. 100, fol. 60v
3rd quarter 15th century
Glasgow,
University Library
Hunter 60 (T.2.18), fol. 54v
1454-1455
Glasgow,
University Library
Hunter 60 (T.2.18), fol. 54v
1454-1455
Augsburg,
Universitätsbibliothek
Cod.I.2.2.24 (Oettingen-Wallersteinsche Bibliothek), fol. 79v
1456
Stuttgart,
Württembergische Landesbibliothek
Cod.theol.et phil.fol.122, fol. 89r
1459
Lyon,
Bibliotheque municipale
245, fol. 158r
1462
Munich,
Bayerische Staatsbibliothek
Cgm 1126, fol. 196r
1463
Marseille,
Bibliothèque municipale
89, fol. 39r
circa 1470 -1480
Speculum humanae salvationis (GW M43054), p. 432 (Pagination after Munich, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, 2 Inc.s.a. 1087)
circa 1473
Hie vahet an ein spiegel menschlicher behaltnuß (GW M43012), fol. 86v (Foliation after Munich, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, 2 Inc.c.a. 531)
1476
Spiegel menschlicher behaltnuss (GW M43016), fol. 159r (Foliation after Basle, Universitätsbibliothek, Inc 645)
1476
Spiegel menschlicher behaltnuss (GW M43046), No. 38c
circa 1476
Colophon: Cy finist le Mirouer de la redemption de lumain lignage (GW M43034), fol. 148r
1478
Colophon: Cy finist le Mirouer de la redemption de lumain lignage (GW M43034), fol. 148r
1478
Das ist der spiegel der menschen behaltnis mit den ewangelien vnd mit epistelen epistelen nach der zyt des iars (GW M43020), fol. 153v
circa 1481
Paris,
Bibliothèque nationale de France
fr. 6275, fol. 40r
circa 1485
Das ist der spiegel menschlicher behaltnuß mit den Ewangelien und Epistelen durch das gancz Jar (GW M43005), fol. 153v
1489
Colophon: Hye endet sich der spiegel menschlicher behaltnuß mitsampt den Ewangelien vnd Episteln durch das gancz jar (GW M43008), fol. 195r
1492
Cest le mirouer de la redempcion humaine (GW M4304210), fol. v7v
circa 1493
Paris,
Bibliothèque nationale de France
Vélins-906, fol. v7v
circa 1493 -1494