| Ubaid 5900 BC-4000 BC | | | Sumerian circa 2900 BC -circa 2400 BC | | | Sumerian 2600 BC-2400 BC | | | Mariote 2500 BC-2400 BC | | | Mariote 2500 BC-2400 BC | | | Akkadian circa 2500 BC | |

| Sumerian 2400 BC-2000 BC | | | Mesopotamian 2400 BC-2300 BC | | | Sumerian circa 2400 BC | | | Sumerian circa 2400 BC -2000 BC | | | Lagash circa 2400 BC | | | Susa circa 2300 BC | |

| Sumerian 2200 BC-2100 BC | | | Sumerian 2200 BC-2000 BC | | | Larsa 2000 BC-1800 BC | | | Babylonian 2000 BC-1600 BC | | | Babylonian 2000 BC-1600 BC | | | Babylonian 2000 BC-1750 BC | |

| Babylonian 1900 BC-1700 BC | | | Babylonian 1800 BC-1750 BC | | | Mitannian circa 1500 BC | | | Minoan 1400 BC-1100 BC | | | Minoan 1400 BC-1100 BC | | | Syro-Phoenician circa 1400 BC | |

| Syro-Phoenician circa 1400 BC | | | Ugaritic circa 1250 BC | | | Aramaean 10th century BC-9th century BC | | | Mesopotamian 10th century BC | | | Aramaean 10th century BC-9th century BC | | | Aramaean 10th century BC-9th century BC | |

| Aramaean 10th century BC-9th century BC | | | Aramaean 10th century BC-9th century BC | | | Cypriot 9th century BC-8th century BC | | | Syro-Phoenician 8th century BC | | | Cypriot 8th century BC-7th century BC | | | Cypriot 8th century BC-7th century BC | |

| Cypriot 7th century BC | | | Syro-Phoenician 7th century BC | | | Neo-Babylonian circa 650 BC -circa 500 BC | | | Neo-Babylonian circa 650 BC -circa 500 BC | | | Cypriot circa 600 BC -circa 475 BC | | | Cypriot circa 600 BC -circa 475 BC | |

| Cypriot 6th century BC | | | Boeotian circa 575 BC | | | Cypriot mid 6th century BC | | | Greek circa 530 BC | | | Cypriot circa 525 BC | | | Cypriot early 5th century BC | |

| Syro-Phoenician 4th century BC | | | Syro-Phoenician 4th century BC | | | Parthian 3rd century BC-2nd century BC | | | Ancient Roman 1st century-4th century | | | | | | | |